Variability and genetic basis for migratory behaviour in a. The effects of ethanolic and hexanic extracts of soursop and sugar apple ees, ehs, eesa and ehsa, respectively on aphis gossypii hemiptera. The host range of aphis gossypii is dependent on aphid. Development and fecundity of aphis gossypii glover homoptera. Aphis gossypii glover is a major pest of cotton and can severely a ect cotton yield and lint quality. Aphididae is a destructive pest of numerous crops worldwide. Aphis gossypii glover hom aphididae is a damaging pest of protected cucumbers in the. Pdf baseline susceptibility and crossresistance in. The cotton aphid aphis gossypii glover is a worldwide agricultural pest that feeds on cotton, melon, and other landscape plants, causing a high level of economic loss. Factors affecting colonization and abundance of factors.
Development and survivorship of the cotton aphid, aphis. Other aphids are similar in appearance to aphis gossypii glover, the melon or cotton aphid. Dec 01, 2014 the aphis gossypii group contains economically important and taxonomically problematic species, with aphid gossypii glover itself being the most biologically diverse and hence taxonomically challenging blackman and eastop 2007. Development and fecundity of aphis gossypii glover. Factors affecting colonization and abundance of aphis gossypii. Besides the appearance of insecticide resistance 10 and the. Though winged forms develop periodically, most adults are wingless and about 2. Aphididae, was first described in 1876 by townsend glover palmer 1952.
Hypersensitive response to aphis gossypii glover in melon. The broad spectrum insecticide, acephate, neonicotinoid insecticides, acetamiprid, thiamethoxam, and imidacloprid, and other insecticides. The cotton aphid, aphis gossypii, is one of the most biologically diverse species of aphids. Insecticide resistance in the cotton aphid, aphis gossypii. Draft genome of the cotton aphid aphis gossypii sciencedirect. Abstractthe complete mitochondrial genome of the cottonmelon aphid, aphis gossypii glover, was sequenced using a combination of highthroughput sequencing, traditional pcr amplification, and sanger sequencing. Aphididae on three malvaceae hosts recent years, however, a. Udpglycosyltransferases contribute to spirotetramat. Aphididae, is a polyphagous species with a worldwide distribution. More than 48 species belonging to 19 families in 9 orders of natural enemies of. Withinplant distribution of cotton aphids, aphis gossypii.
The host range of aphis gossypii is dependent on aphid genetic. The institute of food and agricultural sciences ifas is an equal opportunity institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with nondiscrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. Identification of aphis gossypii glover semantic scholar. Common names include cotton aphid, melon aphid and melon and cotton aphid. Transmission of internal cork of sweet potato by the. General information about aphis gossypii aphigo name language.
The species has a broad host range and can damage various crops, including those in cucurbitaceae, malvaceae, solanaceae, and rutaceae as well as some ornamental plants such as. Molecular and morphological differentiation between aphis. Biological control of the cotton aphid, aphis gossypii glover. These intriguing biological features are of interest from both. The life cycle of the melon aphid, aphis gossypii glover, an example of facultative migration. Abstract life table data for aphis gossypii glover homoptera. It is economically important and belongs to a group of closely related species that has challenged aphid taxonomy.
Variability and genetic basis for migratory behaviour in a spring population of the aphid, aphis gossypii glover in the yangtze river valley of china volume 98 issue 5 x. To decrease the harmful effects of this pest, one of the most economically and environmentally acceptable options is to use genetically resistant melon varieties. This aphid is polyphagous and described in association with more than 700 host plants worldwide. In the present study, we used eight microsatellite markers to investigate the genetic structure and diversity of a. This sapsucking insect affects plants via direct feeding and indirectly via plant viral disease transmission more than 50 plant pathogenic viruses known. Aphis gossypii glover affects a wide range of agricultural and horticultural crops. Aphididae is a serious polyphagous agricultural pest worldwide. The behavior of aphis gossypii and aphis craccivora hemiptera. The research presented here seeks to clarify the taxonomic relationships and status of species within the aphid.
Major hosts include those of commercial importance such as cotton and cucurbits, as well as ornamentals such as. Pdf the effects of controlling the aphis gossypii glover. Aphis gossypii glover is a destructive pest of over two dozen crops world wide. Biology, nature of infestation and control of the aphid, aphis gossypii glover, 1877 hemiptera. Aphis gossypii glover is a widely recognised economically important aphid species and invites attention of several workers of diverse fields. Samples were collected from 37 locations in korea 18 populations in 2016, 14 populations in 2017, and five populations in 2018 from pepper plants. The cotton aphid, aphis gossypii glover, is a cosmopolitan insect pest causing serious economic losses in agriculture. The genome is 15,869 bp in length, and contains 37 typical coding genes, one noncoding atrich region, and a repeat region found exclusively. A twoyear survey of the melon aphid, aphis gossypii. Damage to a few of these crops is due to direct feeding.
It feeds on many important crops, including cotton, cucurbits, citrus, eggplant, peppers, potato, and flowering ornamental plants such as hibiscus 72. All the predator stages exhibited type ii functional response to the aphid. Complete mitochondrial genome of aphis gossypii glover. Effect of anonaceous extracts on aphis gossypii glover. This work aimed to study the biological aspects of a. The resistance to pirimicarb of populations of aphis gossypii glover from several glasshouses in england was studied in the laboratory by topical applications of insecticide and by electrophoresis and isoelectric focusing of aphid esterases. The cucurbitaceous plants are always on demand in world market and one of the main pests on these crop is the aphid aphis gossypii. More than 48 species belonging to 19 families in 9 orders of natural enemies of this aphid have been found in cotton fields in china. Melon aphid or cotton aphid, aphis gossypii glover edis. The population dynamics, development of gonads, takeoff and flight behaviour of aphis gossypii glover were investigated in order to test whether there was variation of migratory ability in the spring population. It is a widely distributed pest of a variety of agricultural crops in the families cucurbitaceae, rutaceae and malvaceae. Molecular and morphological differentiation between.
Aphididae and of their predator cycloneda sanguinea coleoptera. Uk, and control measures are required which are compatible with. A twoyear survey of the melon aphid, aphis gossypii glover, on crop plants in hawaii russell h. Strategies for the control of aphis gossypii glover hom aphididae. Gaoboth point mutations and low expression levels of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. In addition to the common characteristics shared with other aphids, ap. Damage to a few of these crops is due to direct feeding, but for most of these crops its impact is through its role. Behavioral traits of aphis gossypii glover alatp homoptera. Spesies ini ditemukan di negara yunani, inggris, gambia, kenya, lebanon, new guinea, pakistan, thailand, suriname, brazil, filippina, dan serbia. Introduction cotton aphid, aphis gossypii glover hemiptera aphididae is. Jun 11, 2018 the cotton aphid, aphis gossypii glover hemiptera.
Pdf melon aphid or cotton aphid, aphis gossypii glover insecta. Melon aphid or cotton aphid, aphis gossypii glover. For full access to this pdf, sign in to an existing account, or. Population genetic structure of aphis gossypii glover. The cottonmelon aphid, aphis gossypii glover hemiptera. The species has a broad host range and can damage various crops, including those in cucurbitaceae, malvaceae, solanaceae, and rutaceae as well as some. Kring, the life cycle of the melon aphid, aphis gossypii glover, an example of facultative migration, annals of the entomological society of america, volume 52, issue 3, 1 may 1959.
Pdf biology and ecology of aphis gossypii glover homoptera. Aphis gossypii glover causes direct and indirect damage to cucumis melo l. The genome is 15,869 bp in length, and contains 37 typical coding genes, one noncoding atrich region, and a repeat region found exclusively in aphids. Melon aphids are softbodied, pearshaped, and pale to darkgreen in cool seasons spring and yellow in hot, dry summers.
Aphididae to fenvalerate and imidacloprid and activities of detoxification enzymes on cotton and cucumber. Jan 06, 2016 the cottonmelon aphid, aphis gossypii glover hemiptera. Aphididae, is a polyphagous species with a worldwide distribution and a variety of. Although reports suggests that the predators will attack all life stages, there is no record of predators attacking the egg ebert and cartwright, see kennedy et al. One other species commonly encountered is aphis spiraecola patch, the spirea aphid. Cottonmelon aphids, aphis gossypii glover, collected from cotton and cucumber crops, were used in this study. Life cycle of the melon aphid, aphis gossypii glover, an. Baseline susceptibility and crossresistance in aphis gossypii glover aphididae. In aphis gossypii bottom the cauda is pale to dusky and has two or three pairs of setae, in aphis spiraecola top the cauda is dark brown to black and has five or. Host plant relationships of aphis gossypii glover hemiptera. Transmission of internal cork of sweet potato by the cotton. Aphis gossypii is a tiny insect, an aphid greenfly in the superfamily aphidoidea in the order hemiptera. Cotton aphid aphis gossypii is a key pest of cotton crop. Aphididae is one of the key pests in the cotton crop.
Based on rogerss random predator equation the predators attack rate was lowest 0. T he adult melon aphid or cotton aphid aphis gossypii glover is yellow to dark green with a black head and black cornicles. Aphididae density on life table parameters of aphidoletes aphidimyza rondani diptera. When compared with a known susceptible population, the aphids were found to be resistant to pirimicarb. Effect of the population levels of aphis gossypii on cotton agronomic.
Transmission of internal cork of sweet potato by the cotton aphid, aphis gossypii glover by e. Melon aphid or cotton aphid, aphis gossypii glover insecta. Often the melon aphid is light green mottled with darker green, but under crowded conditions and high temperatures it can be yellow or nearly white. Vegetable and flower farms on hawaii and kauai islands were. Introduction cotton aphid, aphis gossypii glover hemiptera aphididae is the main aphid pest of cotton throughout the. Field surveys showed that not all the aphids overwintering on hibiscus migrated to the secondary host plants, and the hostalternating and hostspecific lifecycle forms coexisted in. In the netherlands the cotton aphid, aphis gossypii glover is an important aphid pest on cucumber van schelt et al. Aphididae merupakan serangga fitofag kosmopolitan yang dapat ditemukan di wilayah tropis, subtropis dan temperata.
The cotton aphid not only infests cotton, it has a wide range of hosts. Aphididae, an important pest in glasshouse cucumber crops, were studied at 20, 25 and 30 c on. Pirimicarb resistance in the melon and cotton aphid, aphis. Capinera and others published melon aphid or cotton aphid, aphis gossypii glover insecta. Effect of anonaceous extracts on aphis gossypii glover, 1887. Beauveria bassiana can be used as a biological insecticide to control a number of pests. The bacterial flora associated with the polyphagous aphid. The cotton aphid, aphis gossypii glover, is a major pest of cotton in china. Aphididae, is globally one of the most destructive sucking pests on cotton and numerous crops, causing an overall 4% reduction in lint yield. Aphididae is a species of aphid widely distributed throughout the world but with higher incidence in the tropics. Pdf aphis gossypii glover is a destructive pest of over two dozen crops world wide. Coccinellidae in cottoncowpea intercropping systems.
A twoyear survey of the melon aphid, aphis gossypii glover. Aphididae, is globally one of the most destructive sucking pests on cotton and numerous crops, causing an. The complete mitochondrial genome of the cottonmelon aphid, aphis gossypii glover, was sequenced using a combination of highthroughput sequencing, traditional pcr amplification, and sanger sequencing. Aphididae, is a polyphagous insect with a worldwide distribution that includes tropical, subtropical, and temperate areas 1, 2.1235 41 1267 1475 1242 345 1364 423 212 602 1065 1160 1182 1307 94 229 860 396 1172 372 1382 272 980 142 622 236 873 307 676 717 295 280 276 404 1067 1129 820 1309 626 939 1294 646 1376